The field of engineering contains a broad spectrum of specialisations including, mechanical, electrical, environmental, mining, aerospace and industrial, to name but a handful. Each requires a different skillset but all call for a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in the field as well as membership to a professional order. Engineers typically work in multidisciplinary environments where they can rely on various areas of expertise to enable them to compete for and complete the widest range of projects possible. Many engineers occupy managerial positions as well.
A degree in engineering only qualifies you to work under the supervision of a licensed professional engineer. To become a licensed professional engineer, you must not only graduate from a Canadian accredited engineering program, you must earn the designation of P.Eng. (ing. or Eng. in Quebec) by completing the following in the provincial/territorial jurisdiction in which you are working:
- an internship
- three to four years of supervised engineering work experience depending on the jurisdiction
- a professional practice exam on professional practice, ethics, engineering law and liability
In addition to the above, you must also be of good character and reputation and be proficient in English (French in Quebec, English or French in New Brunswick).
If your experience was obtained outside Canada, it may be acceptable if you can provide sufficient documentation; however, you must have completed a minimum of 12 months in a Canadian environment in order to ensure familiarity with Canadian codes and standards.
Once you complete your professional designation, you will be allowed to take full responsibility for your work.
Engineering: jobs a-plenty for seasoned pros!
According to the report entitled “The Engineering Labour Market in Canada: Projections to 2020,” the following accurately describes the Quebec market:
- Engineers with 5 to 10 years of experience or specialised skills are in higher demand, giving the challenge to the recruiters rather than the job seekers
- Mining has experienced steady growth since 2010 with the highest number of available positions located in Montreal, Abitibi and Côte Nord areas
- Government employment grew steadily to 2010 and is expected to remain stable to 2020
- The majority of engineering activity is concentrated in municipal infrastructure projects
Who’s hiring in engineering?
Finding employment in this field in Quebec is most promising in the following areas:
- Government agencies
- Mining companies
- Aerospace industry
Challenges in engineering for the coming years
The number of engineers required to replace retirees exceeds the number of new jobs created by economic growth. Moreover, because this abundance of engineering graduates lacks practical skills, they face more challenges in securing employment in their field. Another challenges faced by the engineering industry is finding candidates who not only demonstrate technical know-how[R1] http://www.csce2013.ca/speakers , but soft skills as well. Soft skills include communication, behavioral attributes, problem solving, critical thinking and relationship building. Teamwork, entrepreneurial skills and sales ability are also considered to be soft skills. Want to learn more? Have a look at The Infinite Power of Soft Skills[R2] http://apollo1.tv/eric-sicotte-to-speak-at-know-how-the-annual-conference-of-the-canadian-society-for-civil-engineering/
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